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从二十世纪 90 年代以来,中国私家车产量不断增加,到 2018 年已经达到 3.22 亿辆。汽车带给人们方便的同时,也产生了许多问题。请给树德之声写一篇英语短文,希望同学们关注这些问题。要点如下:

1、中国私家车的发展及其好处

2、私家车增长带来的问题(如堵塞、污染、事故等)

3、针对问题,提出改善措施

注意:1.词数 100-120 左右,可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

2. 信的开头已给出,不计入总词数。

Dear editor

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Yours,

Li Hua

 

假如英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌的以下作文。文中共有 10 处错误, 每句中最多有两处。错误涉及单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号∧,并在此符号下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线\划掉。

修改:在错词下面划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2、只允许修改 10 处,多者从第 11 处不计分。

Several America students visited our school. Upon our arrival, we gave a warm welcome to them, among them a boy named Tim was to stay with my family for the weekend. I recognized Tim comparing him with photo he had sent to me. Tim greeted me and expressed that how exciting he felt. When school was over, we took the subway home. My parents prepared a rich family dinner that night but we enjoyed ourselves very much. The next day, I act as a guide, showing Tim along the most famous scenic spots in Chengdu. Wherever he went, he had some photos take to help him memorize this unforgettable trip.

 

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Jane felt sweet in the drivethrough line at Heav'nly Donuts. Just the day before, a stranger ahead of her in line had 1. (generous) paid for her coffee.“The gesture made such a big difference in my      day ,” says Eileen.She had recently lost her job  as a doctor's 2. (assist),and money was tight.But Eileen 3. (inspire) to pay the  $12 bill of  the family in  the  car  behind hers. 4. she  didn't   know was that her kindness would set off a chain reaction.In two and a half hours, fiftyfive drivers paidfor the  order of the person behind 5. (they)The doughnut shop's employees 6. (see) this   before.This Heav'nly Donuts, in fact, is known as a special place, the customers of 7. are considered as the “best in the world”But, even so, the workers were 8. (amaze) that the shop had more than  doubled its previous record by the end of the day.

Now 9. (work) as a chemist, Jane visits Heav'nly Donuts every Saturday morning, picking up a  coffee and paying for the order of the customer behind her.“Actually, I wish I 10. (start)this deed much earlier.” She said.

 

    After she left the town, Jane stopped the car at the landing near the entrance of the bay ( ).She stepped into the _____ and rowed out silently. The tide was rushing to the entrance and _____ to the wild  open sea. She had to row across the bay to reach _____ side. The waves struck against the side of the boat, _____ and uneven; it became _____ difficult to row.  If she _____ for a moment, the tide would push the boat   back towards the _____.

She wasn' t even halfway, _____ she was already tired and her hands _____ from pulling on the rough wooden oars (船桨). “I'm never going to _____ it”, she thought. She rested the oars on her knees and _____ her head helplessly, then looked up as she _____ the boat shift(晃动) against the tide.

The east wind , which had swung( ) around from the south-west, _____ her help and pushed the boat towards the mountains. It was going to be _____. Her hands weren't so painful. Her chest didn’t feel as if it was about to burst _____.

The lights of the town became _____. one of the oars banged against the side of the boat and she _____ it with a start. Had she been asleep, or just _____? She looked over her shoulder.  She was almost on the beach. The girl gave  one last _____ on the oars to ground the boat, and then lay back against the seat. She listened to the waves _____ and knew she had come home. Far across the moonlit bay the lights were no more than a sparkling chain.

1.A. car B. boat C. ship D. mail

2.A. beside B. before C. behind D. beyond

3.A. another B. other C. either D. the other

4.A. deep B. calm C. gentle D. rough

5.A. more B. less C. as D. least

6.A. slept B. continued C. rested D. rowed

7.A. home B. mountains C. south-west D. entrance

8.A. if B. so C. but D. since

9.A. hurt B. ruined C. troubled D. broke

10.A. get B. make C. keep D. take

11.A. mined B. dropped C. cocked D. raised

12.A. saw B. made C. heard D. felt

13.A. got to B. came to C. sent for D. reached for

14.A. difficult B. serious C. fine D. certain

15.A. any more B. still more C. no more D. once more

16.A. brighter B. bigger C. closer D. smaller

17.A. destroyed B. threw C. repaired D. seized

18.A. dreaming B. guessing C. inventing D. expecting

19.A. blow B. hit C. pull D. strike

20.A. anxiously B. happily C. sadly D. carefully

 

    It’s  natural to greet friends with a smile and a wave. 1. But what happens if your face and     body send mixed messages? Would someone be more likely to believe the look on your face or the way  you hold your body?

Scientists have recently tackled these questions. They found that when a person is looking at your face, she might not believe what she sees if your body language doesn’t match the feeling that your face shows.

2. Previously,  they had found that the tone of a person’s voice can be more important than the    words that are spoken. For example, most people tend not to believe a person who says in a flat voice, “I’m so excited.”

When it came to emotions conveyed by facial expressions and body language, most scientists suspected that the face was more important. To test if this was true, psychologists showed people a number of pictures of isolated(孤立的)faces and isolated bodies (with faces blurred out(模糊的)) that showed anger or fear. 3.

An angry face had low eyebrows and tight lips. A scared face had high eyebrow and a slightly open mouth. 4. A scared body had arms forward and shoulders square, as if ready to defend.

These results told the researchers that mixed signals can confuse people. Even when people pay attention to the face, body language subtly(微妙地) influences which emotion they read.

5. If you want to be understood, it helps to avoid sending mixed messages.

A. Studying such mixed messages is nothing new for scientists.

B. So, your body language is important for telling people how you feel.

C. Scientists feel new to study the mixed message that confuses people.

D. An angry body had arms back and shoulders at an angle, as if ready to fight.

E. Body language can sometimes be misunderstood in different culture backgrounds.

F. When you do this, your face and body work together to show your friends that you’re happy to see them.

G. They also showed pictures in which angry or scared faces were paired with angry or scared bodies

 

    It’s not just adults who have a thing or two to discuss with other people, babies too have their own social lives and enjoy group interaction, according to a world-first study.

The breakthrough study conducted by psychologist Professor Ben Bradley, at Charles Sturt University, could completely transform the way child-care centres are set up. In their study, the researchers examined groups of nine-month-old babies in New South Wales and Britain.

And they came across astounding(令人吃惊的) results. It was found that infants had “social brains” and focused not just on their mothers but on social life in groups as well.

“They communicate with more than one baby at once, and show jealousy and generousness,” said Professor Bradley.

He added, “They develop their own meanings through group interaction, they notice if a group member is behaving differently and they take on roles, such as leaders and followers.”

“A baby who has a depressed mother tends to be withdrawn ( ), but put that same baby in a group of its peers (同龄人) and they behave and interact like any other baby.”

It was the first all-baby group study ever to be conducted. “Most studies of babies concentrate on the infant-mother relationship, assuming that is the single foundation for mental health, but babies are constantly involved with groups of people other than their mothers, fathers, siblings, grandparents and those taking care. Therefore, the mother-baby approach needs to be combined with a group approach,” said Bradley.

Phoebe Christison, a child-care worker at Camperdown Sunshine Bubs in Sydney’s inner west, said she often noticed what appeared to be emotional attachments developed between toddlers.

She said, “Joel ____ months ) and Isabella ____ months ) always like to hold hands when they sit in their high chairs and eat. And babies definitely show jealousy. They push and touch each other, and copy what the other is doing.”

1.Which of the following statements about the study is TRUE?

A. It’s the first study to look at all-baby groups.

B. It divides babies according to their personalities.

C. Its aim is to change the way of child care.

D. Its results are hard to believe.

2.A baby who has a depressed mother  _____.

A. tends to be a follower B. also enjoys group interaction

C. has poor social ability D. pays more attention to its mother

3.What can be inferred from the result of this study?

A. There’s no need of child-care centers at all.

B. Babies are affected by groups more than by their mothers.

C. Adults should include babies when having social activities.

D. The normal infant-mother bond alone isn’t enough for the good mental health for babies.

4.The underlined word “toddlers” in Paragraph 8 can be replaced by “____”.

A. adults B. infants

C. peers D. groups

 

    Let me tell you, Johnson, this is going to be the biggest development in animal-imitative cybernetics   (动物模仿控制学) since Hayes pioneered the field way back in 2014. Everybody’s going to want a piece of my discovery! Everyone! Even United States of Earth Defense! I’m going to be the richest man alive!

I can see you don’t share my excitement yet. Just wait, old friend. Accompany me to my lab, and we will see who has the last laugh. You’ll be begging me to take you on as a lab assistant after I...Oh, here we are. You first, my good man. You see, I had already come up with the perfect cybernetic engine, able to copy any life form. The question was, which creature would be the best show of my discovery? I’ve used a life form nobody’s considered for cybernetics. It is powerful, graceful, intelligent, and best of all people love it. I chose the tiger!

Go on, have a glance! Ha! Don’t look so shocked, Johnson. I leave it powered down when I’m not testing it. It is rather great, though. Yes, all the latest technology, including claws ( ) I had made from vanadium alloy(合金). It cuts through steel like its wet cardboard. The process that I used to get its mind in the computer will be enough to ensure me fame and fortune.

Huh? It did move, didn’t it? I guess I left it on yesterday. No, don’t look so nervous; I can shut off its main power with this remote(遥控器)right here. Nothing to worry about. I really don’t think it’s regarding you as a meal. Be reasonable, old...Oh, God! Johnson! The remote, where is it? Where?!

Ah, there we go! Too late to save Johnson, though. What a pity. Better safe than sorry. There! God, what a mess. Even worse, I can’t call the police now; the bad publicity would overshadow my breakthrough, and certainly frighten the investors. I’ve got to get rid of the body secretly, somehow. I could bury it, but I might be seen. I could burn it, but the smoke would be very doubtful. What to do?

What to...

I wonder...How fast can this cat eat?

1.What’s the author’s attitude towards his invention?

A. Proud. B. Disappointed.

C. Cheerful. D. Astonished.

2.It can be inferred that the invention in the passage is a____.

A. surprise B. success

C. failure D. wonder

3.According to the passage, what was the worst result of this invention?

A. He couldn’t get rid of his friend’s body. B. The robot tiger killed his friend.

C. He couldn’t control the robot tiger. D. The robot tiger had to be improved.

4.What does the last sentence “I wonder...How fast can this cat eat” suggest?

A. The writer wanted to know if he could find a cat to eat John’s body.

B. The writer wondered how fast this cat could eat a person.

C. The writer wanted to test whether this machine tiger is powerful enough.

D. The writer wanted to cover up the facts that his experiment is a failure.

 

    There are moments in life when you miss someone so much that you just want to pick them from your dreams and hug them for real! Dream what you want to dream; go where you want to go; be what you want to be, because you have only one life and one chance to do all the things you want to do.

May you have enough happiness to make you sweet, enough difficulties to make you strong, enough sorrow to keep you human, enough hope to make you happy.

Always put yourself in others’ shoes. If you feel that it hurts you, it probably hurts the other person, too.

The happiest people don’t necessarily have the best of everything; they just make the most of everything that comes along their way. Happiness lies for those who cry, those who hurt, those who have searched, and those who have tried, for they can appreciate the importance of people who have touched their lives.

Love begins with a smile, grows with a kiss and ends with a tear. The brightest future will always be based on a forgotten past, and you can’t go on well in life until you let go of your past failures and heartaches.

When you were born, you were crying and everyone around you was smiling. Live your life so that when you die, you’re the one who is smiling and everyone around you is crying.

Please send this message to those people who mean something to you, to those who have touched your life in one way or another, to those who make you smile when you really need it, to those who make you see the brighter side of things when you are really down, to those who you want to let know that you appreciate their friendship. And if you don’t, don’t worry; nothing bad will happen to you. You will just miss out on the opportunity to brighten someone’s day with this message.

1.The tone used in the passage is____ .

A. discouraging B. negative

C. positive D. critical

2.Which statement does the writer probably agree with?

A. If you want to cry, cry. B. Smile in face of death.

C. The best or nothing. D. Nothing is impossible.

3.After reading this passage, a reader is most likely to____.

A. smile and then ignore it B. think about life’s hardship

C. exchange shoes with a friend D. share it with some of his friends.

4.According to the passage, we can make ourselves strong_____.

A. by dreaming what we want to dream B. after times of attempts and failures

C. so long as we are full of hopes D. if we try to make more friends

 

Language requirements for all programmes, except Creative Writing

All teaching for the programmes is in English. We require all applicants whose first language is not English to have one of the following test results:

Academic IELTS details can be obtained from local British Council offices. The minimum requirement is an overall band score of 6.5 with no less than 6.5 in each of the four elements.

Applicant's Academic IELTS and Cambridge CAE test results will be directly accessed by our office.

In order for us to do this, applicants should supply the following information on their application form: Academic IELTS:

Test Report Form (TRF) number Cambridge CAE/CPE

Candidate ID number (this is 3 letters and 6 numbers) and secret number (4 numbers)

These results should have been achieved in the same sitting, and no more than 2 years before the date of application.

Language requirements for Creative Writing

The minimum requirement is an overall Academic IELTS band score of 7.0, with no less than 7.0 in each of the four elements. Applicants with Cambridge CAE require grade A. These results should have been achieved in the same sitting, and no more than 2 years before the date of application.

In addition to meeting the above language requirements for Creative Writing, all applicants are required to submit a 300-400 word written piece, explaining their reasons for applying.

All programmes: notice concerning TOEFL test scores

Please note Due to UK Government restrictions, we are no longer able to accept TOEFL test scores.

1.What subject does the text focus on?

A. Language requirements. B. International programmes.

C. College accommodation D. Information for teachers.

2.Besides satisfying language demands, what is needed for Creative Writing?

A. Candidate ID number. B. Test Report Form number

C. A written work of 300-400 words D. Secret information about the applicant.

3.Which of the following is unacceptable for the programmes?

A. Cambridge CPE. B. Cambridge CAE.

C. Academic IELTS. D. TOEFL test scores.

 

假如你是李华,想邀请外教John 一起观看514日在厦门嘉庚剧院(Tan Kah Kee theatre)上演的中国民族歌剧经典选段(Chinese Opera Excerpts)音乐会。请给他写封邮件,内容包括:

1. 音乐会时间、地点

2. 音乐会内容

注意:1.词数100左右  2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

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